The plateau of Iran is among the oldest civilization centers in the history of humanity and has an important place in archeological studies. The history of settlement in the Plateau of Iran, from the new Stone Age till the migration of Aryans to this region, is not yet very clear. But there is reliable evidence indicating that Iran has been inhabited since a very long time ago. Settlement centers have emerged close to water resources like springs, rivers, lakes or totally close to Alborz and Zagross mountains. The most important centers of this kind are:
Name of iran had been tooken from a group of peopele who were called ARIAN.In holy Avesta first it is called ARIANUVEDJE HU than means Land of brave Arian.
Name Of PERSIA that western peopele Call insted Iran had been tooken from Pars group.(a group of Arian)In the year 550 B.C Cyrus the Great established The Persian Empire based on humanitarianism,justic,freedom,and Liberty after uniting diffrent peopele(firstly Mads that his mather were from them) and nations .
One day I went to Pasargad on normal days that peopele were on their jobs,and there were few ones there,we asked the kind guard man to take an image from inside ,He just let me to take image since I had a Faravahar Neckleck.I put out my showes and very carefully claim up each stair that is more than one meter high.
Seems I am the only one permited go inside of crave of Great Empire and took images,Look at Arabian Art.instead of Empires Sentences
ACHAEMENIAN (550-330 B.C)
The famous men of this dynasty:
Cyrus The Great,Cambyses,Darioush The Great(first person who started bulding of Persepolis then orther king go on his way,Also He ordered the digging of a canal to connect the Red Sea and the Mediterranean),Xerxes(in his time becuase of being too brave ,about 300 of his soldjers and done a great work in a war with western mans, to be proud and as a memory of those soldjers for the first time He put out the sign of Eagle and put Sign of a Lion on Persian Flag and after centuries aga mohammad khan Qajar put a swear in lions hand)Ardeshir The First,and Darioush The third.
Memorable and most importand works of this period:
1.The uniting of the aryan people and the imperial foundation of Iran
2.The Spread of Imperial Iran from The sind Vally to the Nile.
3.The conquest of Babel,The coronation of Cyrus The Great,the promulgation of the declaration of the UNIVERSAL RIGHTS TO MANKIND AND FREEDOM OF NATIONS
4.The establishment of peace and underestanding among the varios Tribes.
5.Spread of knowledge and Culture.
6.Freedom of religous bliefs.
7.The foundation of a civil organization and the establishment of an orderly administrative and financial institution.
8.Forming of an orderly army and the Creation of the Immortals.
9.The establishment of cities and great buildings.
10.The construction of roads and a royal courier system.
11.The digging of a canal to connect the Red Sea and the Mediterranean.
The Hadish Palace, Xerxes period,PERSEPOLISE
This Ston is a big reason that Iranian woman payed attention to Hejab(Covering her body 1000 years before Islam apperence)
Here you See Valeryanoos sit front of King of Sasanian first Shahpoor.this was the first time we see in iran it clears iranian belive to home and how pray and do their cermoneies. in naghsh e Rostam.
Sialk hill in Kashan , Hesar hill in Damqan , Toorang hill in Gorgan , Hegmataneh hill in Hamadan , Hasanloo hill in Naqadeh , Marlik hill in Roodbar , and Susa ( Shoosh ) in Khuzestan . According to archeological excavations conducted in these civilization centers, some vestiges have been discovered, the antiquity of which dates back to the 5 th millennium BC.
The migration of Aryan tribes to the Plateau of Iran began in the 2nd millennium BC. Out of these tribes, the Parthians dwelled in Khorassan, the Medes in the west, and the Parsees resided in southern Iran. The Median Empire rose in Hegmataneh (Ekbatan), the present Hamadan. The Achaemenidae established the first great Persian Empire after defeating the Medes and conquest of their capital.
News Stone in palace of Cyres the Greate.one foot is a cow foot in persian cultures means god has give us all we need and we are thankful, then a foot of horse,we own all grounbds and now all news.
Then man feet one by fish and other human leg,mean we are owner all See and oceans pluse all grounds.
Workers could not finish working on this Ston becuase of Alexander's attack.
After the decline of the Achaemenian dynasty, and the destruction of Persepolis by Alexander, his successors the Seleucids dominated over Iran for a short period of time. During this time the interaction between Iranian and Hellenic cultures occurred. Around the year 250 BC, the Parthians, who were an Aryan tribe as well as horse riders, advanced from Khorassan towards the west and south-west and founded their empire over Iran Plateau in Teesfoon. This empire survived only untill the year 224 AD. The Sassanides, after defeating the last Parthian king in 225 AD, founded a new empire which lasted untill mid 7th century AD
With respect to its political, social, and cultural characteristics, the ancient period of Iran (Persia) is one of the most magnificent epochs of Iranian history. Out of this era, so many cultural and historical monuments have remained in Persepolis, Passargadae, Susa (Shoosh), Shooshtar, Hamadan, Marvdasht (Naqsh-e-Rostam), Taq-e-bostan, Sarvestan, and Nayshabur, which are worth seeing.
The influence of Islam in Iran began in the early 7th century AD after the decline of the Sassanide Empire. Since then, new era began in the history of Iran which caused fundamental changes in social, political, religious, governmental, and general conditions of the country. Iranians, who were very unhappy with the existing social and economic inequalities in the time of the Sassanides, accepted Islam easily and contributed to its expansion and enrichment. However, Iranians never covered up their opposition against dominance and the tyranny of the Omavi and Abbasi Caliphs and founded many autonomous movements to confront them. In return, the Omavi and the Abbasi Caliphs, tried to neutralize and suppress these movements, which were based on partisanship of the Prophet of Islam family and establishment of a government on the basis of Imamat, by supporting non-Iranian forces. Continuity of wars of attrition among local governors weakened the overall power of the country and favored conditions for invasion by stranger tribes of Central Asia, like the Seljuki Turks, Mongols, and Teymorides. In the Safavid time, the second great Iranian Empire was founded, and the Shiite sect of islam, disciples of which were seriously limited till then, was formalized. The dynamic nature of Shiism and its political and social commitments firmly safeguarded Iranian independence and national identity against Ottoman assaults. Thus, Iran once again became a new political and religious power.
With the decline of the Safavid, Afsharieh and later the Zandieh took the throne. After the Zandieh rule, the Qajars took power. At this time the influence of foreign powers such as Britain and Russia in the internal affairs of Iran significantly increased. Meanwhile, social movements of Tobacco, Constitutional Revolution, Forest Uprising, and Sheik Mohammed Khiabani’s Revolt took place. In the Pahlavi period, Oil Industry Nationalization Movement incited the uprising of June 5th 1963, and other autonomous movements resulting in the Islamic Revolution under the leadership of Imam Khomeini in 1979
A view of Arge Karim khan eZand(house) and (Vakil) mosque from Zandiye period in Shiraz
All images by Manouchehr Haghighat.